and other Powers, including all the bilateral undertakings entered into
during the war and concerning military, naval, aviation, financial, economic
and shipping matters,, of which I would mention specifically :
(a) The Polish-French Protocol, signed at Paris on September 45 19395
concerning the execution of the Polish-French Alliance.
(b) The Agreement between Poland and the U.S.S.R., signed at London
on July 30, 1941.
(c) The Agreement concluded at Washington between the Polish
Government and the Government of the United States on July 13 1942:
concerning Lease and Lend.
Furthermore, multilateral agreements to which the Polish Government
is a party, in'clude :
(1) Declaration of the United Nations, signed at Washington on
January 1, 1942, called the c Atlantic Charter.'
(2) Inter-Allied Declaration against act of dispossession committed in
territories under enemy occupation or control, signed at London on
January 5, 1943.
(3) The final Act of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Conference,
signed at Hot Springs on June 3, 1943.
(4) Agreement to set up a United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration 5 signed at Washington on November 9, 1943.
(5) Final Act of the Monetary and Financial Conference of the United
Nations^ signed at Bretton Woods on July 22> 1944.
(6) Agreement on Principles having reference to the Continuance of
Co-ordinate Control of Merchant Shipping, signed at London on
August 5, 1944.
(7) International Sanitary Conventions, signed at Washington on
January 5, 1945.
(8) The International Agreement and the Final Act of the International
Civil Aviation Conference, signed at Chicago on December 8, 1944.
" When all the said agreements were being concluded not one
constitutional state questioned the validity of the Polish Constitution
or of the powers of the Polish President and the Governments appointed
by him. Neither was any doubt ever raised by such States as to die right
of the Polish President and Government to lead the Polish nation in the
struggle against the German aggressor and to exercise supreme command
over the Polish Armed Forces fighting at the side of the Allied Nations.
" Throughout the war the Polish nation made immense sacrifices for the
common cause of the United Nations. The Resistance Movement in the
Homeland, as well as the Polish Armed Forces on all fronts—on land, on
sea and in the air—never ceased, until the day of victory 3 to struggle against
the enemy, under the leadership of the constitutional President and
Government of the Republic^ which they recognise as the sole constitutional
authority of the Polish State.
"II, The territories of the Polish Republic remain under a foreign military
occupation and under the ruthless control of foreign military and police
forces. The accomplished facts which have taken place in Poland since
the outbreak of war are not the result of the will of the Polish people
expressed either by constitutional or revolutionary means. The war which
began in defence of the integrity and independence of Poland, ended in
depriving her of that independence and in placing the country under the
control of an alien Power.
" III. In these circumstances, neither I myself nor my Government
are in a position to recognise the accomplished facts unilaterally enacted